By E. B. Banning (auth.)
This textual content reports the speculation, suggestions, and uncomplicated tools interested by archaeological research. Its goal is to familiarize either scholars and pros with the rules that underlie many varieties of archaeological research, to motivate sound laboratory perform, and to illustrate a number of the universal theoretical matters that other kinds on analyses all proportion. Banning opens with a dialogue of the character and presentation of – and the error in - information and in brief reports archaeological systematics, database and study layout, sampling and quantification, modeling information, and easy artifact dealing with and conservation. Chapters on lithics, pottery, faunal, botanical , and soil continues to be keep on with and chapters on seriation, examining dates, and archaeological representation shut out the book.
Intended as a textual content for college students in upper-division-undergraduate and graduate-level classes in addition to a handbook for pro researchers and cultural source administration practitioners, the ebook is amply illustrated and references and encompasses a word list of key phrases. instructed laboratory workouts can be found at the author’s college website:
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Extra resources for Archaeological Survey
How precise do measurements of attributes or estimates of parameters need to be? How much difference will omission of some sites or kinds of material make? What is the best way to test the accuracy of measurements? Although ensuring a high level of data quality may be costly, it would also be wasteful to spend time and money on a survey whose results fail to accomplish basic goals. In that case, it might be better to spend the money on some other project. This leads-us to the issue of cost. Surveys always have costs, even when they are run with volunteers, and some can be very costly indeed.
10 2. Archaeological Survey SURVEY'S UNIQUE CONTRIBUTION TO ARCHAEOLOGY Many archaeologists are skeptical about the value of the data from regional surveys for addressing archaeological problems, leading Bowden et al. " For example, Prag (1984:66) suggests that only botanical remains from excavated sites are of any use to document changes in agricultural economy. , Hope-Simpson, 1983; 1984). While many of the skeptics' concerns about existing regional databases are legitimate, and the processes that create and modify the distribution of material culture on the landscape are complex, to respond with dismissal of data from regional surveys betrays a failure to recognize the unique potential of archaeology's spatial dimensions.
Most failures of archaeological survey, however, are due to inappropriate survey design and especially to failure to tailor that design to the survey's objectives. The results of any archaeological survey depend heavily on the objectives it was designed to achieve. No one should expect a survey to be good at discovering small, open-air campsites if it employs methods suitable for finding caves or large town sites. Nor should methods that preferentially discover certain kinds of site at the expense of others be useful for estimating the proportions of site types on an archaeological landscape.