By Eric M. Meyers, Mark A. Chancey
Drawing at the newest, groundbreaking archaeological examine, Eric M. Meyers and Mark A. Chancey re-narrate the historical past of old Palestine during this richly illustrated and expertly built-in book. Spanning from the conquest of Alexander the good within the fourth century BCE till the reign of the Roman emperor Constantine within the fourth century CE, they synthesize archaeological proof with historical literary assets (including the Bible) to supply a sustained review of the tumultuous highbrow and non secular adjustments that impacted global heritage in the course of the Greco-Roman period.
The authors exhibit how the transformation of the traditional close to East below the impression of the Greeks after which the Romans ended in foundational alterations in either the cloth and highbrow worlds of the Levant. Palestine's subjection to Hellenistic kingdoms, its rule by means of the Hasmonean and Herodian dynasties, the 2 disastrous Jewish revolts opposed to Rome, and its complete incorporation into the Roman Empire supply a historical past for the emergence of Christianity. The authors discover within the archaeological list how Judaism and Christianity have been nearly undistinguishable for hundreds of years, till the increase of imperial Christianity with Emperor Constantine.
The simply book-length assessment on hand that makes a speciality of the archaeology of Palestine during this interval, this entire and powerfully illuminating paintings sheds new mild at the lands of the Bible.
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Extra resources for Alexander to Constantine: Archaeology of the Land of the Bible, Volume III
It was resettled along the ﬂat plain and stream below the tel in the Hellenistic period when it became known as Scythopolis (ﬁg. 1). In some cases, such as with the Macedonians in Samaria, the imposition of foreign settlers was designed as a strategy for changing Fig. 1. com) 14 the advent of hellenism the character of a city and controlling it. A Greek legislative council or boule with up to several hundred members would have been established to rule the city, and Greek deities would have been introduced into the religion of the city along with appropriate entertainment and educational institutions.
Josephus’s frequent references to the tomb of the “High Priest John” sug- Fig. 15. com) 42 the advent of hellenism Fig. 16. 169). Funerary structures like these are forerunners of later monuments such as the recently discovered tomb at Herodium that likely served as the burial spot of King Herod, the Tomb of the Kings north of the Damascus Gate, and the Tomb of Absalom and Tomb of Zechariah in the Kidron Valley (ﬁg. 16). 344; Ant. 91), later construction has hidden whatever remains of them. 55 The locations of these palaces made them ideal for resorts and places of refuge, and some doubled as fortresses.
While there are many nuggets of history in the tale of the Tobiads, only when read alongside other documents and with the archaeology in mind can we infer any reliable information from the Josephan narrative. 12 The translation is traditionally ascribed to the work of seventytwo sages who knew the Torah and who were ﬂuent in Greek and who were brought to Alexandria from Jerusalem to do the work. The account of the translation is conveyed in the Letter of Aristeas, and the term “Septuagint” is taken from the Latin for seventy, referring to the seventy-two sages.