Download Action and Existence: A Case for Agent Causation by J. Swindal PDF

By J. Swindal

Because the pioneering paintings of Donald Davidson on motion, many philosophers have taken severe stances on his causal account. This ebook criticizes Davidson's event-causal view of motion, and gives in its place an agent causal view either to explain what an motion is and to set a framework for the way activities are defined.

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In his early writings, Schelling adopted the laws of reflection elicited in Fichte’s subjective idealism. Like Fichte, he rejected Kant’s transcendental ego, since it rests on a mistaken form/matter distinction that requires the dogmatic postulation of things-in-themselves. ”25 But he criticized Fichte’s inability to move reflection beyond the immanence of the subject. 26 While Fichte gives the not-I, which effectively is nature, only derivative status, Schelling develops a thoroughgoing philosophy of nature by means of which to construct an identity philosophy able to determine both actions and objects.

Philosophical reflection is needed in order to make proper determination not only of these sources, but of comparisons among concepts themselves. ” Since this intuitive source lies at the point of genesis of concepts of empirical objects, he recovered an empirical basis for judgment that rationalists had ignored. Leibniz had thought all conceptual comparison originated in the understanding, so he could not distinguish between two objects with identical properties intuited in different spatial locations.

B) Another act of reflection determines the verification of the contingent truth of a proposition about a thing or state of affairs. 49 An act of reflection determines that the act of knowing, conditioned by the fallibility of its capacities of perception (sensing) and inductive inference (understanding), is nonetheless able to consider these as matter upon which it imposes a procedure of verification to determine a state of affairs as contingently true. One can also argue, however, that not only every claim to knowledge but also every belief is grasped by a reflexive act.

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